Associate and Consultative Observers of the Ibero-American Conference/

The Consensus of San Salvador, adopted by the Presidents of the XVII Ibero-American Summit, created the figure of Associate and Consultative Observers of the Ibero-American Conference. The former category refers to States with linguistic and cultural affinities with Ibero-America and which can make significant contributions to the region. The latter category is targeted at inter-governmental international organisations that can also make the aforementioned contributions.

what requirements should a State fulfil in order to become an Associate Observer?

In addition to sharing linguistic and cultural affinities with Ibero-American countries and being able to make significant contributions to the region, any State that wishes to become an Associate Observer shall expressly assume the Ibero-American Conference’s guiding values and principles.

what requirements should an inter-governmental international organisation fulfil to become a Consultative Observer?

The organisation shall have a Secretariat or a Community Body that serves as a link vis-à-vis the SEGIB and which represents the Consultative Observer in instances of the Ibero-American Conference, as well as the express intention to contribute to strengthening, promoting and projecting the Ibero-American space through significant contributions.

In the same way as Associate Observers, a Consultative Observer shall also expressly assume the Ibero-American Conference’s guiding values and principles.

what procedure should be adopted to apply to become an Observer?

The steps to follow are set forth in the Consensus of San Salvador and in the General Secretariat Bulletin. It is worthy of note that obtaining this category shall be subject to the unanimous acceptance of all the Ibero-American countries.

benefits of being an Ibero-American Conference Observer

In addition to the obligations that the States and Organisations shall fulfil, on obtaining Observer status, they also acquire specific rights relating to their attendance and participation:

  • the Ibero-American Summit of Heads of State and Government that is held every two years
  • the Conference’s Sectorial Ministerial Meetings
  • the Meetings of Chancellors, National Coordinators and Cooperation Officers
  • cooperation activities

A full list of the rights acquired by Observers can be found in the Secretary General’s Bulletin 2011/1.

associate observers



consultative observers

  • LAIA – Latin American Integration Association
  • IDB – Inter-American Development Bank
  • CAF – Latin American Development Bank
  • ECLAC – Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
  • FAO – Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  • FLACSO – Latin American School of Social Sciences
  • OECD – Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
  • OECS – Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States
  • IOM – International Organization for Migration
  • ILO – International Labour Organisation
  • PAHO – Pan American Health Organization
  • WFP – United Nations World Food Programme
  • UNDP – United Nations Development Programme
  • UNEP – United Nations Environment Programme
  • SELA – Latin American and Caribbean Economic System
  • LU – Latin Union
  • UNICEF – United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund